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Global MarketFlash:
Global Investment Activity Returns with a Bang

5 minute read time
August 4, 2021
  • Global commercial real estate investment volume in Q2 grew by 98% year-over-year to US$260.4 billion, bringing the H1 2021 total to US$459 billion—up by 15% from H1 2020.
  • Americas and APAC volumes returned to pre-COVID levels in Q2, while European volume is expected to return in H2 on the back of economic recovery and widespread COVID-19 vaccinations.
  • Capital continued to flow primarily to industrial and multifamily assets, while office investors remained focused on core assets.
  • Investors favored markets with strong population growth, including those in the U.S. Sun Belt, German and Nordic urban centers and Tier I cities in Asia-Pacific.

Global

With vaccinations ramping up and economies reopening worldwide, global commercial real estate investment volume grew by 98% year-over-year to US$260.4 billion in Q2 2021. The rebound was robust in both the Americas and APAC, bringing volume back to pre-COVID levels. EMEA lagged slightly but maintained a positive outlook due to successful vaccination rollouts. The U.K., for example, recorded a strong quarter of investment activity, even by pre-COVID standards.

H1 2021 global investment grew by 15% from a year ago to US$459 billion. The office sector had the largest share with 26% of total investment in H1 2021, followed by industrial at 22% and multifamily at 20%, reflecting accelerated consumer and demographic trends.

Figure 1: Global Commercial Real Estate Investment

Global-MarketFlash-08042021-F1

Source: CBRE Research, Real Capital Analytics, Q1 2021.

Americas

Americas investment volume surged by 161% year-over-year in Q2 to US$136.5 billion. Excluding entity-level transactions, investment volume grew by 151% year-over-year and was fully back to pre-pandemic levels. The better-than-expected Q2 volume offset a soft Q1, resulting in a 31% year-over-year increase in H1 2021 volume to US$241 billion, down by 6% from H1 2019.

Investment volume grew significantly from a low base across all sectors year-over-year. Industrial and multifamily accounted for nearly 60% of investment volume in the region, growing by 127% and 217% year-over-year, respectively, in Q2. The hotel sector had its most active Q2 since 2007. Blackstone and Starwood’s US$6 billion acquisition of Extended Stay America represented 44% of Q2’s total hotel volume. Excluding entity-level transactions, Q2 hotel investment increased by 691% year-over-year and was up 5% from Q2 2019.

Office and retail investors remained focused on core assets. The office sector’s share of total investment dropped to 18% in Q2 from an average 27% from 2015 to 2019. The retail sector’s share dropped to 10% from its 15% average between 2015 and 2019. In both sectors, suburban locations outperformed urban locations, mainly driven by higher returns.

Sun Belt markets continue to be the key targets for U.S. investors as population growth drives demand for real estate space. When comparing Q2 2021 investment volume with Q2 2019, Orlando (+83%), Nashville (+73%), Raleigh (+63%) and Miami (+45%) were top metros in terms of growth, while Tier I cities like New York (-41%) and Boston (-28%) fell short. With higher population density and greater reliance on public transport, Tier I cities have taken more time to fully reopen, thus subduing their investment activity.

Figure 2A: Investors Favor U.S. Sun Belt Markets with High Population Growth

Global-MarketFlash-08042021-F2a

Source: CBRE Research, Real Capital Analytics, Q2 2021.

EMEA

EMEA investment volume grew by 42% year-over-year in Q2 to US$83 billion. H1 2021 investment volume fell by 11% year-over-year due to a record-setting Q1 2020. H2 volume is expected to grow once parts of the region reach herd immunity to COVID-19.

The U.K. (+39%), Norway (+38%) and Denmark (+55%) recorded strong year-over-year growth in H1, as they led the region in vaccination rates. Germany remained on solid footing, with H1 volume exceeding the 2015-to-2019 average in Berlin and Munich. Population growth has played an important role in these markets’ resilience. The Nordic countries and the U.K. boast higher population growth than the Euro Area, and their primary markets like London and Copenhagen are top destinations of cross-border capital.

Figure 2B: EMEA Investment Volume - Select Markets

Global-MarketFlash-08042021-F2b

Source: CBRE Research, Q2 2021.

The office sector’s share of total investment dropped to 30% from roughly 40% pre-COVID, as capital shifted to multifamily and industrial assets. Compared with Q2 2019, industrial investment more than doubled in Q2 2021, illustrating the effect of e-commerce growth in Europe. Multifamily investment grew by 3% from Q2 2019. Meanwhile, office (-19%), retail (-27%), and hotel (-34%) had further to go in investment activity recovery. Highly contagious COVID variants may have weighed on investor sentiment and increased uncertainty about the pace of reopening plans.

APAC

APAC investment volume grew by 99% year-over-year in Q2 to US$41 billion and by 51% in H1 2021 to US$69 billion. Vaccination rates picked up in the region and investment activity largely returned to normal. Assuming no large-scale COVID-19 resurgence later this year, 2021 likely will be a phenomenal year for commercial real estate investments based on the region’s economic performance.

Large-ticket transactions greatly contributed to the recovery in Q2. Deals of US$1 billion or more accounted for 25% of the region’s investment volume. Additionally, cross-border transactions grew by 65% year-over-year in Q2. Mainland China investment volume (+117%) more than doubled year-over-year in Q2, partially driven by Brookfield’s US$1.4 billion portfolio purchase of prime shopping centers. India’s investment volume grew by 354% year-over-year in Q2, driven by Blackstone’s $700 million investment in industrial parks in emerging Indian cities like Hyderabad and Pune. Australia (+196%), Hong Kong SAR (+270%) and South Korea (+69%) also saw robust capital flows.

On balance, investors preferred Tier I cities in the region, with Seoul (+56%), Beijing (+113%) and Melbourne (+48%) seeing significant investment volume growth in H1 2021 compared to the H1 average from 2015 to 2019. Indian markets like New Delhi and Bangalore have also seen sharply higher investment activity, particularly in the office sector.

Figure 2C: Investors Attracted To Tier I Cities & India in APAC

Global-MarketFlash-08042021-F2c

Source: CBRE Research, Real Capital Analytics, Q2 2021.

Retail investment accounted for 31% of APAC’s total investment volume in Q2, compared with a 10% Q2 average between 2015 and 2019. Australia and China were driven by strong office investment, with the SK Tower in Beijing selling for US$1.4 billion. Industrial assets remained highly sought after in the region, with Q2 investment volume totaling US$10.6 billion—the largest quarterly total on record.

Forecast

Based on the stronger-than-expected performance in H1, CBRE now forecasts that annual global investment volume will increase by approximately 20% to 25% in 2021 (up from 15% to 20% earlier). COVID resurgences likely will delay a full return to pre-pandemic investment volumes, but policymakers are unlikely to reinstitute broad lockdowns. Short-term restrictions to avoid widespread transmission of delta and other new variants will be more likely.

Figure 3: Total Value of Commercial Real Estate Investment Transactions (US$ Billions)*

Global-MarketFlash-08042021-F3

Source: CBRE Research, Real Capital Analytics, Q1 2021.
*Values include entity-level transactions and exclude development sites.
**In order to calculate global totals, local currency values are converted to US$ using the most recent quarterly FX rates of Q2 2021. This calculation eliminates currency impacts over time and generates the same growth rates as in local currencies.

Appendix

The seasonally adjusted volumes are shown in Figure A1. These give a more accurate picture of transaction activity from quarter to quarter across any one year.

Figure A1: Seasonally Adjusted Investment Volume (US$ Billions - Fixed)

Global-MarketFlash-08042021-A1

Source: CBRE Research, Real Capital Analytics, Q2 2021.

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